Melitaea trivia

Lesser Spotted Fritillary

euroButterflies

by Matt Rowlings

copyright © 2003-2016

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Madrid, Spain, July 2011

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SW Serbia, June 2012

Field notes and information

Similar to the spotted fritillary M. didyma the two species overlap in parts of north Spain and north Italy where they are hard to distinguish and in southeast Europe where the current species is noticeably more heavily marked.

Identification & Similar species: Generally this species is more heavily marked than the spotted fritillary M. didyma with which it often flies. The upperside black border is solid and uniform usually touching the post discal arches. The underside hindwing marginal spots are approximately triangular rather than rounded. The definitive feature is the presence of a small vein that closes the cell in the hindwing of the current species.

Distribution & Flight: In Spain confined to northern areas and the Sierra Nevada. From a places in Italy and more widespread and common in southeast Europe from Slovenia, Romania to Greece. Double brooded in April/ May and again in June/ August.

Habitat & Behaviour: Hot, dry grassy and flowery places amongst light woodland and scrub upto the tree line.

Variation: In north Spain, the subspecies M. trivia ignasiti is closely similar to the spotted fritillary M. didyma.

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SW Serbia, June 2012

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trivia (Greece) above, showing discocellualr vein absent in didyma (Switzerland) below. Some of the hindwing marginal spots appear to be triangular

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Peloppensos, Greece, June 2013

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Peloppensos, Greece, June 2013

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Peloppensos, Greece, June 2013

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Madrid, Spain, July 2011

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Chalkidiki, Greece, May 2004

Subspecies trivia.

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SE Serbia, June 2012

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NW Greece, August 2008