Boloria graeca

Balkan Fritillary

euroButterflies

by Matt Rowlings

copyright © 2003-2016

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Photo: graeca

Rila Mts, Bulgaria, July 2004

Photo: graeca

Rila Mts, Bulgaria, July 2004

Dark underside forewing spots are just visible.

Field notes and information

A species of mid to high altitude in the Balkans and south Alps where it flies in clearings amongst trees near the treeline. I've only found one in the Alps despite searching for it on several occasions.

Identification & Similar species: One of a group of 4 very similar species. Differences as follows:

Shepherd's fritillary, pales: northwest Spain, Pyrenees, Alps, east Europe, Balkans. Underside forewing lacking black spots. Broad upperside forewing lines. Relatively small.

Mountain fritillary, napaea: Pyrenees, Alps, Scandinavia. Underside forewing lacking black spots. Fine upperside forewing lines. Relatively large. Females often with dark dusky purple sheen.

Cranberry fritillary, aquilonaris: northern Alps to Scandinavia and eastwards. Underside forewing with black spots.

Balkan fritillary, graeca: southern Alps (France), Balkans. Underside forewing with black spots.

Flight: Single brooded in June and July.

Habitat & Behaviour: Open grassy flowery places often near the treeline. Frequently feeds on flowers.

Photo: graeca

Macedonia, Greece, July 2004

Photo: graeca

Macedonia, Greece, July 2004

Photo: graeca

Macedonia, Greece, July 2000