Satyrus actaea

Black Satyr

euroButterflies

by Matt Rowlings

copyright © 2003-2016

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Photo: actaea

Montes Universales, Spain, July 2011

Photo: actaea

Alpes de Haute Provence, France, August 2005

Field notes and information

It is a variable butterfly, that fades significantly with age and thus needs attention during identification.

Identification & Similar species: Similar to the great sooty satyr, S. ferula, which has two or more spots on the forewing. Upperside of male with andriconal patch (wings are usually held closed when not flying). The underside hindwing discal line has sharp angles, particularly beyond the cell, vs relatively smooth. Size of both species is very variable. The species overlap in south France and northeast Spain, the current species flying to the west.

Distribution & Flight: Much of the Iberian peninsular and Mediterranean France. From June, more usually July to August.

Habitat & Behaviour: Hot dry grassy rocky places from low to alpine levels. Often amongst open scrub or woodland.

Photo: actaea

Montes Universales, Spain, July 2011

A huge eyespot!

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Var, France, July/August 2010

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Var, France, July/August 2010

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Hautes Alpes, France, August 2012

Habitat.

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Almeria, Spain, July 2013

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Provence, August 2004

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Montes Universales, Spain, July 2011

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Var, France, July/August 2010

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Var, France, July/August 2010

Photo: actaea

Var, France, July/August 2010